Thursday, December 23, 2021


 “If there is any fixed star in our constitutional constellation, it is that no official, high or petty, can prescribe what shall be orthodox in politics, nationalism, religion, or other matters of opinion, or force citizens to confess by word or act their faith therein.”

Supreme Court Justice Robert H. Jackson

[West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette,
319 U.S. 624 (1943)]  

[Jehovah’s Witnesses objected to a requirement for students to salute the American flag. They believe such salutes are due only to God. During WWII, [1943] when patriotism and the flag were especially important, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that children of Jehovah’s Witnesses could not be compelled to salute the flag in school against the teachings of their faith.]

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